Significance Of Indian Automotive Components Industry

It has been a long time since India has emerged as the best auto components manufacturing nation in the world. Earlier, it was just a domestic supplier only. Rather than just being a substantial nation in the global automotive components supply chain, numerous auto component companies India also supply exceptional quality auto components to some of the world’s renowned automobile manufacturing companies.

Most of the world’s leading auto manufacturing companies purchase Indian auto components to fulfill the market’s demand for genuine and quality automotive components. Recently, the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA)reported that the approximate business of the automotive component industry by the year 2015-16 will be around US $40 billion.

Out of which the total revenue by the year 2015-16 from exports will be around US $20-22 billion. 31% of engine parts, 19% of drive transmission and steering parts and 12% each of suspension & braking parts and body & chassis are being manufactured by the auto component companies. Commercial vehicle suppliers Delhi, Pune, Gurgaon, are the major supplier of auto parts in the world.

Various actions taken by some organizations such as UNIDO-SPX assisted the Indian automotive components manufacturing companies a lot to meet the world’s leading automobile manufacturing companies by officiating many global business events like Auto Expo.

This year, the auto expo was held in New Delhi, from 5thJanuary 2010 to 11th January 2010. The above mentioned organization works as a technical information provider and a match making center for the industrial subcontracting and supply chain management. It eventually helps many small and medium sized companies to reach out to the international market.

Asper the Investment Commission of India, India is amongst the competitive manufacturers’ and suppliers’ in the global market. International auto component suppliers, which also includes the names of big brands such as Delphi, Visteon, and Bosch are fascinated by the Indian products and are looking ahead to purchase Indian auto components. These big brands have also established their operations in the Indian sub-continent.

Moreover, India is the second major manufacturing nation of motorbikes in the world after China. The massive range of automobiles, which are being manufactured in India comprises:

• Light Motor Vehicles such as Cars, MUV’s, and SUV’s.

• Commercial vehicles such as light commercial vehicles, medium and heavy commercial vehicles and buses.

• Tractors, earth moving cranes and construction equipment.

• Two wheelers such as motorbikes, scooters, mopeds.

• Three wheelers including passenger carriers and goods carriers.

The Beginnings of Global Automotive Manufacturing – Gruppo Bertone of Italy

The Italian based “Bertone” or formally named “Gruppo Bertone” has had an outstanding and exceptional influence on the automotive industry far away from its native country of origin of Italy. Bertone’s influence on a stable of automotive extended over a whole different geographic and company automotive manufactures across the globe – whether if be Italian cars such as Alfa Romeo, Lamborghini, Fiat or European cars such as Mercedes Benz or the Swedish Volvo vehicles. To some degree there are family similarities in the designs across the mix. This would be expected. On the other side of the coin each Bertone design project is a unique creation from inception to fruition.

With the death of Giuseppe “Nuccio” Bertone in 1997, at the age of 82 a glorious period of Italian car design came to an end. It can be said that before the end of the Second World War, and the period that followed in 1946, that Italian automotive design was plainly a regional event and nothing more. Even if vehicle designs had been downright brilliant little was ever noted or noticed outside of the immediate area and car community of Italy. The world looked to France for coachwork from 1919 to 1938, and might have continued to do so had Communist influenced governments after the war not punitively withheld raw materials from coachbuilders. Italy’s communists it seemed were more interested in jobs primarily. As a result, or as a direct initiative, they directly encouraged and nurtured a luxury car industry, in essence moving Italian automotive design to a center stage.

It can be best said that Bertone was one of the first carozzerie (coachbuilders_ to move into “series” production, with the construction of 200 Bertone MGs for Wacky Arnolt of Chicago starting in 1952. These orders then directly led to the production of some 350 Arnolt-Bristols and put Bertone in a position to manufacture a small series of coupes for Alfa Romeo, which was then in trouble with clients who had been promised a new car , whose release had been delayed by body tooling. That product – the Giulietta Sprint designed by Alfa’s Ferruccio Palamidessit, can be said to have put Bertone on the map forever. More than 40,000 of these classic vehicles were produced before replacement by the Bertone-styled Giulia GT.

Nuccio Bertone was not a designer himself, but he served first and foremost to discover, employ and guide some of the very best automotive designers known. An astute businessman, Bertone owned several anonymously titled companies in the Turin area .Thus as a result of splitting the work, and the pie across several enterprises and unconnected enterprises; he was able to persuade different automobile manufacturers across the board to let him produce automotive vehicles in series for them. Fiat 850 spiders and X-1/9s, Opel Cabriolets, Volvo coupes, and many others came from his factories. In addition his design center also created practical shapes for Japanese Mazda, French Citroen as well as Korean Daewoo among others. It could be said that this was the start of the globally integrated car industry. The country of origin of an automotive product no longer was distinct and mattered so much. The car might be designed in one country, engineered in another and yet be manufactured in yet another country and even be marketed from a different area. Where was the car made? Who knew? In the coming future the direct geographical origins of a car would be even less evident and distinct.

Time went on and with impeccable taste Bertone continued to issue audacious show cars, including several Chevrolets, the astonishing Lancia Stratos Zero and the Alfa Romeo Carabo. The production Lancia Stratos and the Lamborghini Miura and Countach brought that audacity to the automotive marketplace.

In the end it can be said that Nuccio Bertone himself was the last of the creators of the Italian automotive renaissance, a group whose names became magical talismans in the automotive world. By his ability to launch so many brilliant design careers as well as so many legendary as well as wonderful cars it can be said that this gentleman had a great influence which has left an impact not only then but even on the automotive market and styling even today.

Essential Money-Saving Travel Tips for Beginners

Any plans of taking a break after a few months of stressful work? Then, travelling out of town might be a good idea. To ensure that the hard-earned money will go far, here are some of the budget travel tips to keep in mind:

• Call the hotel first before booking it through the Internet. Though it’s convenient to make travel arrangements online, it doesn’t guarantee to give travellers the best possible deals. It’s recommended to call the hotel depending on the expected time of arrival and speak with a supervisor or manager on duty.

Ask if they can offer an affordable package during the stay. Normally, some hotels would give discounts to travellers who prefer rooms that aren’t as coveted as the others. And for those who are celebrating their birthdays or anniversaries, some hotels offer complimentary upgrades for a night.

• Compare prices of airline tickets. People will prefer to purchase tickets online than over the phone because it’s more convenient. However, it’s essential to make a comparison first by calling the airline and check if the ticket price is similar to what is displayed on the Internet. When purchasing tickets, it’s also recommended to consider the extra fees. Once all of this has been made, go for the one that offers a lower rate.

• Book everything alone. Third parties such as travel agents and booking websites offering services to arrange everything seldom work for free. Normally, there’s an equivalent fee that will go to them. Travellers will save more money by booking each and every element separately through contacting their preferred hotel and airline. By doing so, they will also have the option to contact other choices for price comparison.

• Ask for repositioning cruises or flights. Airlines and cruise lines usually reposition their trips from time to time. it’s cheaper than the traditional trips but also offers similar services to customers. One thing to note though, travel time for repositioned trips may take longer than the usual.

• Avoid travelling during peak seasons. As the number of tourists goes up, the travel cost also does. Though visiting a certain country during Christmas time is a perfect idea, travellers can save hundreds of dollars on flights and hotel accommodations if they can wait to visit once the season is over.

• Share a room with a friend. Stay at the hotel is another essential thing to consider on budget when travelling. There are hotels where room rates for a single person is also the same as the cost of rooms for two persons. Instead taking separate rooms for this situation, why not get a room for two? Aside from the saved money, this will also be a good time to spend bonding moments with a friend while on vacation. Forget about the loud snoring during bedtime though.

• Travel like the locals. As tourists, riding glitzy air-conditioned buses with movies on-board is a convenient option but often comes with a hefty price. Doing this might take away the money that should be spent on exploring other places around the area.

Travelling should not be expensive. All it takes is just the right preparation, timing and budgeting. By keeping all these budget travel tips in mind, everyone can have a wonderful vacation without shedding out too much money from their pockets.

Continuous Innovations and Changing Trends in Automotive Industry

The global automotive industry is developing with increasing demand for new vehicles. Automotive parts are either Original Equipment or aftermarket parts. From last few years there was fluctuation in the growth of automotive industry. U.S., European and Asian markets are contributing to a large extent in the development of automotive industry. Due to globalization, the pressure on manufacturers, suppliers, and the dependent businesses has increased. The demand and preferences of customers are changing with improved technologies in automobile industries.

It’s a tough challenge for automobile industry to cope with ever-changing trends in the industry. Customers and manufactures are becoming more quality conscious. Market research reports determined new methods adopted by manufacturers for improving quality and productivity like assistance of computer design, production, and testing. Total Quality Management, Six-sigma, 5 S, Kaizen, just-in-time etc. Use of these techniques has increased durability of parts which results in less need for repairs. Globalization has increased the competition in market which increased cost pressures on producers. Many producers had cut-off prices by using advanced techniques of productions and offered quality products at low price to the customers. National focus on volatility and environmental movement has increased the pressure on automakers to opt for alternative energy resources like bio-fuels, hydrogen, etc. During the recession phase automotive industry had suffered a lot. The production and sales decreased with shift in trends. The number of automobile manufacturers is increasing every year.

In the present scenario the rates of internet savvy and techno savvy customers have increased. This in turn forced the global automobile industry to do technological innovations to survive in the market. Research reports have analyzed that in days to come the demand for hybrid vehicles may increase due to increase in fuel prices. Some growing trends in automotive industry are shift in demand from large vehicles to small vehicles and from high-consumption vehicles to fuel-efficient cars. New technologies were introduces in the industry like diesel hybrids, clean diesels, and hybrids, manufacturers became more customer centric. The challenges of automotive industry increased with emergence of globalization, new technology, change in customer demands and economic uncertainties. To overcome these challenges companies started investing more on research and development of existing technology.

This was done to modify engines and producing more fuel-efficient vehicles and machines so that customers can save cost of spending on fuel as well as to increase the sales, profitability and market share. Fuel efficient vehicles like power and battery vehicles came into existence with innovations in technology. Manufacturers adopted production techniques like mass production, lean production and craft production to get benefits if economies of cost and reduce cost of production per unit. Major innovations made by manufactures in product offerings were improved transmissions and engine modifications which improved the operation level of engines. Businesses have been making continuous changes in their production methods and technology in order to serve customer needs, meet customer expectations, improve productivity, increase sales, increase market share and in all to sustain in the market.

The Global Auto Sales Race Heats Up

In the global automotive industry things are really heating up as the traditional players fight for a top spot in the race for global dominance. General Motors Corp., which has been number one in terms of global auto sales for over 75 years, is fighting to keep that title in the face of growing competition from Toyota. Last year Toyota was trailing General Motors by only 261,805 units.

Though it looks inevitable that Toyota will claim top spot, increased sales in China (GM is now #1 in China beating former top dog Volkswagen) and surging sales in India have buoyed global sales for the General despite declining sales in North America. General Motors boss Rick Wagoner recently stated “If we can keep growing where the opportunities are to grow, someone’s going to have to hustle pretty hard to catch up with us like that.” That said, according to the Wall Street Journal being #1 is no longer a top priority for Rick Wagoner and General Motors.

Ford Motor Company, once #2 globally, is in third place with sales at just over 6.2 million units. Strong sales in Europe have offset a seemingly endless sales decline of blue oval vehicles in North America. Once best sellers like the Ford Focus and Ford Explorer now sit on dealer lots as more innovative and fresh competition lure away new buyers. Ford would be wise to devise a more coherent product planning strategy instead of letting great cars waste away without any clear vision.

This is quite evident when you look at the recently discontinued Ford Taurus and Lincoln LS, vehicles that carried substantial brand equity at one point but failed as they became stale and irrelevant amongst their respective competition. If Honda and Toyota can keep the Accord and Camry nameplates going after more than 2 decades, why has Ford had such a difficult time doing the same?

The big news isn’t just at the top of the list. Riding high on a global sales increase of over 11% in 2005, Hyundai Automotive Group is in high gear. The Korean automotive giant has moved into sixth spot behind DaimlerChrysler. Since 1999, Hyundai has passed established players such as Honda, Fiat, Nissan, and Renault. Hyundai doesn’t plan on getting too comfy in sixth spot as they’ve set their sights on being in the top five by the end of the decade.

They’ve got their work cut out for them as fifth place DaimlerChrysler is currently selling about 1 million more vehicles annually. But I wouldn’t bet against Hyundai. In the last 10 years they’ve beaten just about everyone’s expectations.

Volkswagen is holding steady in fourth place with over 5.2 million vehicles sold in 2005. 2006 and 2007 should see modest increases with the introduction of the next generation Golf (now known as the Rabbit) in North America and new models such as the Volkswagen Eos.

Although nothing is for certain in the auto industry, one theme holds true. No car company has an inherent right to the top spot. It has to be earned through great cars and trucks. In this list the big winner is the consumer.

Dudhwa National Park – A Treat for Nature Enthusiasts

Residing in the Lakhimpur and Kheri districts in Uttar Pradesh, the Dudhwa National Park is home to a large number of threatened animal species such as the Rhino and the tiger. This tiger reserve houses two beautiful sanctuaries – the Kishanpur and Katerniaghat Wildlife sanctuaries, where you can spot a large number of birds and animal species. Dudhwa is a magnificent wildlife park which offers its visitors excellent views of its lush greenery and beautiful terrains.

Dudhwa is one of the richest bio-reserves in India; the adjacent Indo-Gangetic plains are credited for the flourishing fauna and flora in this region. This wildlife Park spreads over a vast grassland and dense forest. Over 16 species of reptiles, 38 species of mammals and several species of birds are protected here.

Popular Activities in Dudhwa National Park
• Safaris – The Park offers Safari services for visitors, but you can also explore the place on your own by hiring a jeep or a mini bus.
• Jumbo rides – Elephant rides are a popular attraction at the park; the mahouts will be your tour guide, and they will give you a tour of the park on the majestic animal.
• Tharu Village Visit – Tharu is a small tribal community residing inside the Park. Meeting the tribal village is a great opportunity for outsiders to learn about a unique ethnicity and rich culture.

Best time to visit Dudhwa National Park
December to April is the perfect time to visit the park. Since Northern part of India follows the extreme climate pattern, the summers are going to be boiling, and the winters will be freezing. The park stays open from 15th November-15th June.

How to reach?
• Flight – Lucknow is the closest airport to the Park. You can hop on a taxi from the airport to get to the Park.
• Road – Dudhwa has an excellent road connection most of the major cities and States. There are plenty of State-owned as well as private bus services from neighbouring cities like Bareilly, Delhi, Lakhimpur, Kheri, and Shahjahanpur.
• Train – The nearest railway station to the park is nearly four km away. Other railway stations include Palia which is ten km away and Mailani which is 37kms away from the park.

Where to stay?
Accommodation is not an issue in Dudhwa because visitors have plenty of Dudhwa forest resorts to choose from. Apart from the resorts, you can also find forest lodges, dormitory or forest huts to stay. The Dudhwa forest resorts ensure luxurious comfort so that visitors can experience nature with ease. Camping in Dudhwa National Park is a haven for nature-lovers. If you love wildlife, then you will love the Dudhwa National Park.

7 Things to Know Before Visiting Cusco Peru Tours

Cusco is one of the tourist destinations that many Peruvians choose when to pack up and travel, but there is great uncertainty about whether the budget will reach to know one of the places that houses one of the seven modern wonders like Machu Picchu.

If you are visiting Machu Picchu, in Cusco, for the first time, you will experience some knew things and here are some tips that will improve your whole adventure in strange situations.

Choose the time: You must note that from April to October is the dry season with the cloudless sky. Since November, the clouds and rains that reach their peak in December through March.

Meeting hours: The Cusco Peru tourslasts a whole day. We will move out quickly as we can, to seize the day and avoid the crowds. Another thing you can do is go out in the evening and sleep in AguesClient’s, from there to Machu Picchu the next day morning. You can change Aguesclients’ to Ollantaytambo if you like.

Trekking: Some might want to get walking, but it is not an easy task. You can choose the Inca Trail, Salkantay Trekking to Machu Picchu and Coffee Route. Always accompanied by excellent guides and book your space with several months in advance.

Clothing and accessories: It is advisable to take only what is necessary. Water, a jacket for warmth, sunscreen, hat, insect repellent, and camera. Always have a rain jacket and windbreaker. Machu Picchu is jungle and warm, but the weather changes in minutes, and can rain, cloud and spend a little cold.

Lunch and drinks: It is advisable to get the food in the village of aguesclients before climbing to Machu Picchu. You can also bring your little taper.

You must ask the locals where they eat them, do not go where tourists eat or nearby restaurants to tourist sites, these are commercial, expensive and bad. Explore the markets, eat llama, and enjoy the best experience in a country as lovely as Peru.

About the currency

The currency used in the country is the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (three suns roughly equivalent to one dollar). There are many places where you can change money, for example switched smoothly on the same bus terminal in Tacna. It goes without saying that always look established places to spare potential problems.

Vaccines

You will not need any special vaccinations to enter the country. But keep in mind that if you visit Amazon regions, the Ministry of Health of Peru recommended the yellow fever vaccine. For example, if you go to the city of Iquitos, in full jungle Peru, it is better as a preventive measure you perform the vaccine.